Roman Coins Military Crisis of the 3rd Century

Part I, The Bad Emperors & Caputure of Valerian by the Persians

The Background depicts the capture of Valerian by Shapur II

In 234 AD there arose the new Persian or Parthian Empire in the East. This caused severe economic and military demands on the Roman Empire coinciding with succession problems when an Emperor passed.

click on the coin for a view of both sides

Rome: Adoptive Emperors
Rome Crisis II Breakup
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Septimus Severus


coin struck 210 - 211 AD
Tom Cederlind Auctions, ca. 2015

Geta was one of the 2 sons of Septimus Severus. He was the more popular of the two. After the death of S.S. his mother, nnnn arranged a truce between him & his brother: Caracalla. Cary stabbed Geta who died in the arms of his mother.

Caracalla AE 45 (medallion) of Laodicea,
Province of Phrygia
coin struck 210 - 211 AD
(Dieter Gorney Auction 60, 5 Oct 1992, lot 467)

many thanks to Dane Kurth (Helvetica) of
for helping with the attribution. Laodicea is located here

Caracalla is one of the more common Emperors issuing Roman Provincial medallions. He also extended citizenship throughout the Roman Empire although it has been said that he did this to increase the tax base.

He was assassinated by his Pratorian Prefect, Macrinus, who then became Emperor.

Emperor 218 - 222 AD
silver denarius
(XXX, )

wt = 3.162 g

Severus Alexander
Emperor 222 - 235 AD
bronze sestersius
(XXX, )

not weighed as too circulated
C.E.Bullowa "Coinhunter" Fine, $16.

Maximinus Thrax
Emperor 235 - 238 AD
sestersius 20.625 g
  (XXX, )

wt 20.625 g

Emperor 3 months, 238 AD
bronze sestersius
CNG auction

wt= 18.268 g

Gordian III
Emperor 238 - 244 AD
bronze sestersius
Frank J. Robinson, fixed price list at $65.
photo by Jeff Knee

weight= 14.408 g

Gordian III was Caesar from 238 - 244 AD?

Philip I
Emperor   244 - 249 AD
bronze sestersius   20.279 g
(Heritage Auctions, NYICS Sale, Dec 2011, lot# 23175)

Philip-I, "The Arab"

Rome: Adoptive Emperors
Rome Crisis II Breakup
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