Roman Coins Military Crisis of the 3rd Century

Part I, The Bad Emperors & Caputure of Valerian by the Persians



The Background depicts the capture of Valerian by Shapur II


In 234 AD there arose the new Persian or Parthian Empire in the East. This caused severe economic and military demands on the Roman Empire coinciding with succession problems when an Emperor passed.


click on the coin for a view of both sides

Rome: Adoptive Emperors
Rome Crisis II Breakup
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Septimus Severus

actually none owned


tetradrachm of Geta
Geta, tetradrachm
city of Tyre,
coin struck 210 - 211 AD
Tom Cederlind Auctions, ca. 2015

Geta was one of the two sons of Septimus Severus. He was the more popular of the two. After the death of Septimus Severus their common mother, arranged a truce between him & his brother: Caracalla. Caracalla stabbed Geta who died in the arms of his mother.

bronze medallion of Caracalla
Caracalla AE 45 (medallion) of Laodicea,
Province of Phrygia
coin struck 210 - 211 AD
(Dieter Gorney Auction 60, 5 Oct 1992, lot 467)


many thanks to Dane Kurth (Helvetica) of
Wildwinds
for helping with the attribution. Laodicea is located here

Caracalla is one of the more common Emperors issuing Roman Provincial medallions. He also extended citizenship throughout the Roman Empire although it has been said that he did this to increase the tax base.

He was assassinated by his Pratorian Prefect, Macrinus, who then became Emperor.

Caracalla's scowl is the subject of an article by Josho Brouwers. The article is kept in pdf here as I'm tired of linking to broken sites. Caracalla's Scowl

denarius of Elagalabus
Elagalabus
Emperor 218 - 222 AD
silver denarius
(XXX, )

wt = 3.162 g
sestersius of Severus Alexander
Severus Alexander
Emperor 222 - 235 AD
bronze sestersius
(XXX, )

not weighed as too circulated
C.E.Bullowa "Coinhunter" Fine, $16.
sestersius of Maximinus Thrax
Maximinus Thrax
Emperor 235 - 238 AD
sestersius 20.625 g
  (XXX, )

Maximinus Thrax
wt 20.625 g

sestersius of Pupienus
Pupienus
Emperor 3 months, 238 AD
bronze sestersius
CNG auction

wt= 18.268 g
sestersius of Gordian III
Gordian III
Emperor 238 - 244 AD
bronze sestersius
Frank J. Robinson, fixed price list at $65.
photo by Jeff Knee

weight= 14.408 g

Gordian III was Caesar from 238 - 244 AD?

sestersius of Philip the Arab
Philip I
Emperor   244 - 249 AD
bronze sestersius   20.279 g
(Heritage Auctions, NYICS Sale, Dec 2011, lot# 23175)

Philip-I, "The Arab"


Rome: Adoptive Emperors
Rome Crisis II Breakup
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