Coins of the Roman Imperatorial Era

These are coins illustrating the breakup of Roman Republic)

This is often taken as the Era of Dictators

Rome Republic
Rome Julio-Claudian Dynasty
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pictures of coin coin notes, font arial history notes, def font
Sulla, denarius issue of 84-83 BC,
photo from Crawford 359/2

Lucius Cornelius Sulla, issue of 84-83 BC.

Stack's, Sept, 10th, 2008, lot# 212
Additional info on the coinage of the time of Sulla, and Roman coinage in general can be found in the website Sulla's Blog
Sulla denarius
Lucius Cornelius Sulla,
denarius, 54 BC

Stack's, Sept, 10th, 2008, lot# 257
weight 4.160 g

Sulla was a victorious General in many of Rome's external conflicts, capturing Athens in 86 BC. He became consul in 88 BC. He became an unlimited term Dictator in 81 BC after winning a civil war against opposing Roman forces. He attempted to reform the Roman Republic during his Dictatorship and then retired in 79 BC. Although he attempted to improve the Republic his example showed that a strong general could obtain control and become an unlimited term Dictator.

from: Encyclopaedia Britannica
Pompey Sextus Galley denarius
denarius, Pompey the Great,
struck under Sextus Pompey, ca. 44 - 43 BC
NGC Choice AU 4/5 - 5/5, Heritage Jan, 2016

Issue of Q. Nasidius, sub-commander of the Pompeian fleet, Massalia or Sicilian mint, ca. 44-43 BC. NEPTVNI, bare head of Pompeius Magnus right, dolphin right below, trident before / Galley (quinquereme) under sail to right, with multiple banks of oars, shields lining gunnels, heads of rowers and/or marines along deck, large figure (Sextus Pompey?) standing at prow pointing forward, six-pointed star in upper left field, Q NASIDIVS below. Crawford 483/2

21mm, 4.00 gm, 9h

The roller-coaster career of Sextus Pompey, youngest son Pompey the Great, spanned the dying years of the Roman Republic and its rebirth as an Empire. The large and varied coinage of Sextus Pompey employs numerous interesting nautical themes, in keeping with his claim to be the "son of Neptune." This attractive denarius belongs to the brief interval between Caesar's murder and Sextus' appointment as Praefect of the Fleet in April of 43 BC, during his sojourn at the Gallic port city of Massilia. The obverse portrait is clearly recognizable as Pompey the Great, although the legend identifies him as Neptune and provides him appropriate attributes- a dolphin and trident. The moneyer, Q. Nasidius, was a Pompeian loyalist who served both Magnus and Sextus as commander of the fleet until his defeat at Naulochus, whereupon he joined Antony's forces, only to suffer another naval defeat at Actium in 31 BC.

photos & writeup by Heritage
Julius Caesar dupondius
Julius Caesar (postumus)featured on
a sestersius/dupondius of Octavian
issued 38 BC

Numismatics Fine Arts, ca. 1990?, lot# 1085

This piece is unusual because the obverse and reverse legends are clear and legible. Legend Rev: Julius the god;
Legend Obv:  Caesar Son of the God I believe this is the largest portrait of Julius Caesar on a coin, at least for those made in ancient times. This coin was believed minted in southern Italy by Octavian.

Julius Caesar was a supreme general who used his power to overthrow the decaying Roman Republic.  Caesar was his family name but later it became a title for future Emperors.  He adopted Octavian as his heir. Octavian used Tarentum in southern Italy as his base port for his war against the conservative Republican-Allied forces of Sextus Pompey.

A discussion of these pieces is on Coin Talk:
New Octavian / Divus Julius bronze: CAESAR DIVI FILIUS
by Julius Germanicus

The OP is also available as a PDF & can be downloaded here:
Divus Julius bronze by Julius Germanicus
Brutus denarius
Brutus denarius
issued 42 BC

Leu Auctions, May 27th 2023, lot# 206
Octavian Caesar denarius
Octavian Caesar as shown on a denarius
issued 31 BC by Marc Antony
Exf condition

  (coin store, New Orleans, LA)
Obv: Portrait of  Marc Antony
Rev:  Portrait of  Octavian

After he formed the Principate in 27BC, Octavian took the name "Augustus". He is is technically the 1st Roman Emperor as Julius was assassinated before he had that title.

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