Coins of the Roman Imperatorial Era

These are coins illustrating the breakup of Roman Republic)

This is often taken as the 1st century BC

Rome Republic
Rome Julio-Claudian Dynasty
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pictures of coin coin notes, font arial history notes, def font
Sulla denarius
Lucius Cornelius Sulla,
denarius, 54 BC

Stack's, Sept, 10th, 2008, lot# 257
weight 4.160 g

Sulla was a victorious General in many of Rome's external conflicts, capturing Athens in 86 BC. He became consul in 88 BC. He became an unlimited term Dictator in 81 BC after winning a civil war against opposing Roman forces. He attempted to reform the Roman Republic during his Dictatorship and then retired in 79 BC. Although he attempted to improve the Republic his example showed that a strong general could obtain control and become an unlimited term Dictator.

from: Encyclopaedia Britannica
Sextus Pompey Galley denarius
denarius, Pompey the Great,
struck by Sextus Pompey, ca. 44 - 43 BC extremely fine condition
weight n.nnn g

Pompey was a victorius General in many of Rome's naval conflicts.

Julius Caesar dupondius
Julius Caesar (postumus)featured on
a sestersius/dupondius of Octavian
issued 38 BC

This piece is unusual because the obverse and reverse legends are clear and legible. Legend Rev: Julius the god;
Legend Obv:  Caesar Son of the God I believe this is the largest portrait of Julius Caesar on a coin, at least for those made in ancient times. This coin was believed minted in southern Italy by Octavian.

Julius Caesar was a supreme general who used his power to overthrow the decaying Roman Republic.  Caesar was his family name but later it became a title for future Emperors.  He adopted Octavian as his heir. Octavian used Tarentum in southern Italy as his base port for his war against the conservative Republican-Allied forces of Sextus Pompey.

A discussion of these pieces is on Coin Talk:
New Octavian / Divus Julius bronze: CAESAR DIVI FILIUS
by Julius Germanicus

The OP is also available as a PDF & can be downloaded here:
Divus Julius bronze by Julius Germanicus
Octavian Caesar denarius
Octavian Caesar as shown on a denarius
issued 31 BC by Marc Antony
Exf condition

  (coin store, New Orleans, LA)
Obv: Portrait of  Marc Antony
Rev:  Portrait of  Octavian

After he formed the Principate in 27BC, Octavian took the name "Augustus". He is is technically the 1st Roman Emperor as Julius was assassinated before he had that title.

Rome Republic
Rome Julio-Claudian Dynasty
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